Skin Pigmentations


Dark spots


Skin Nourishment and Treatment

Glowing skin is everybody’s dream. Nurturing the skin along with the different types of approaches to correct its impairment will give you healthy vibrant skin. Let us unleash a particular skin condition, its causes, and how we can treat it in a non-excruciating way.

The skin is the most exposed organ to the environment. What does this mean? Our skin is  in contact with different harmful elements such as dust, ultraviolet rays of the sun, fumes, smoke, polluted water and other toxic chemicals. Surely, proper hygiene can eliminate or remove some of the chemicals that came in contact with the skin, but how about the result of UVA and aging? What about the effect of hormonal imbalances from particular medical condition or pregnancy? How can we get rid of blemishes, freckles, hyperpigmentation and other skin flaws?

Uneven skin tone is not harmful to human’s health, but for some, it lowers their self-esteem. Some may feel embarrassed to show themselves to the public since most of the time dark spots is perceived as ugly and unacceptable to the society.

What is Skin pigmentation and Dark Spots?

According to Doctors, skin pigmentation and dark spots (hyperpigmentation) is a result of increased production of melanin. Melanin is a natural sun screen protection of the body against the harmful effects of UV rays. Though there are conditions that increase the production of melanin such as shifting of hormones during pregnancy, and hormonal imbalances due to aging, patchy skin tone is rampant to both men and women. Tanning lotion may cause skin pigmentation especially if the skin is overexposed to sun.

Types of skin pigmentation

Moles are called pigment naevi by dermatologists. Moles are thickened melanin which is flat or elevated. It may stay for a lifetime or disappears after a few years.

Age spots refer to the dead skin cells remains and usually accumulates on the face and hands.
Birthmarks are present at birth that looks like moles but larger.

Melasma during pregnancy is medically known as Chloasma or the façade of gestation because it occurs on the face (cheek, jaw and nasal-facial line) There is no particular reason on why melisma is developed, but there are factors that
Liver spots are not related to liver disease, but it somehow regards with aging. Liver spots frequently appear on the arms and face to individuals who aged 40 years and up.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation is a condition that results from burned dermis. Melanocytes (melanin producing cells) accumulates on the burned parts of the dermis as a defense mechanism.

Causes of Dark Spots and Skin pigmentation

Dark Spots are directly related to excessive production of melanin or melanocytes hyperactivity. Melanin is the body’s natural sunscreen and is responsible for contributing the precise skin color. Studies suggest that the darker skin complexion is, the higher melanin concentration is present. Here are few causes of hyperpigmentation:

  • Stress
  • Skin infection
  • Burns
  • Birth control pills
  • Overexposed to sunlight
  • Underlying medical condition such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Aging
  • Use of tanning beds

How to prevent skin blemishes?

Prevention is always the focus of medical advocate because it is easier for a person to avoid particular condition compared to treating it. Here are some of the methods that limit you from getting a rough skin.

  • Avoid overexposing to sunlight, especially from 10 AM to 2 PM
  • Wear glasses for eye protection
  • Cover your skin with long-sleeved shirt or large brim hat
  • If you cannot avoid going out, use sunscreen with SPF 40 and above
  • Limit or ditch tanning beds
  • Taking Vitamin C and E supplementTreatment and other Skin Regimen

Experts are keen when it comes to skin treatment due to hypersensitivity of the integumentary. There are different types of therapy to even out the skin tone, and preventing the recurrence of the dark spots.

Lighten up with the use of clinically approved creams. Lotions that are prescribed by your dermatologists or even the over-the-counter solutions may limit the hyperpigmentation of the skin. The active ingredient is hydroquinone that bleaches the pigmented skin. Based on research, these dermatologically approved topical solutions can remove dark spots for about fifty percent.

Peel it off with the use of trichloroacetic and glycolic acid solution. These chemicals are potent in removing dark pigments of the skin by superficially breaking the skin and promote the standard healing process. According to dermatologists, the efficacy of the solution is up to seventy percent. The application of the solution should be with the help of experts.
Eradicate skin woes with the use of Photorejuvenation. Photorejuvenation is a skin therapy that uses Intense Pulsed Light or IPL. The IPL is one of the high-end technology in the dermatology field to achieve a pristine complexion of the integument. Most skin experts uphold the use of this technology due to its little to no drawback. Although several treatments are required to deliver satisfying results, desired skin quality and smoothness is achievable. The IPL works by carefully pressing the device directly on the affected body parts, emanating a light that warms up the collagen (a fibrous protein that strengthens skin). IPL activates the collagen production that leads to glossy and healthier skin. During the procedure, there may be minimal discomfort or it feels like a rubber band snaps on your skin.

Laser resurfacing is another type of skin treatment that uses laser device comprises two approaches. The Ablative type and Non-ablative type. The Ablative type pertains to fast pulses of immense intensity light to get rid of the damaged surface of the skin. The laser will produce a uniform wound on the skin to trigger normal wound healing. The Non-Ablative type is noninvasive, and it does not create any damage to the epidermis. The laser in Non-Ablative will penetrate the skin, and uses its heat to stimulate collagen production and enhances the skin integrity.

Your treatment plan should always include a trusted Dermatologist or Surgeon. It is necessary to do a consultation with your initial appointment for your doctor to assess your skin properly.